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What did you find surprising or striking as you furthered your knowledge about how people learn?
What really strikes me about how people learn was the online class with no instructor. I always thought online class was going to be online with the instructor all of us online at the something ready to discuss the chapter we read online with everyone having a speaker on their computer so we just come to the computer and do the class, Instead it took me by surprise to finding out you have to learn on our own and post your discussion where other student and the instructor will comment about it. And you will also have the chance to learn from other post and ask question that was something that took me by surprise but I later find out it can be than by the help of our instructor who is always ready to give feedback. I had to adapted a new way of learn by self instead of the traditional one I no. It has really thought me a new way of learn. Also find about people always on the computer ready to learn when they have spare time that was motivation. However connectivism has played an important part in my learning process as an adult learner, Adult learning theory has made an impact on me in a variety of ways. So, learning styles like, experiential, self-directed, project-based and action learning (Conlan, 2003) provide tremendous insight in how I can apply these to my online course, work situations and future instructional design solutions. Adult learning, behaviorist, cognitive and constructivist theories have deepened my own understanding of my own learning process in detail and scope.” It is one thing to design for learner motivation in a classroom setting where teachers or facilitators can respond to changes as soon as they sense them. It is a greater challenge to make self-directed learning environments responsive to the motivational requirements of learners. It requires both a systematic motivational design process that provides adequate guidelines and methods of incorporating feasible and effective motivational tactics into the environment, and knowledge of the dynamics of human motivation” (Keller, 1999).
How has this course deepened your understanding of your personal learning process?
This course has deepened my understanding in so many ways like how to o be an effective leader, making good decision, effective social learning. Learning strategies and styles influence instructional design. The outcomes of an effective adult learning experience which I have to come by during taking this course. “Learning opportunities for adults exist in a variety of settings ranging from a formal institution to a place of employment. It is important to acknowledge prior knowledge and experiences of learners, including their ability to recognize their own skills as lifelong learners Merriam, 1999. (Conlan 2009)”. This understanding has made it clear to me that many strategies employed that have enhanced my learning. “I have also to the realization of why some contents taught been so easy for me to remember and apply because I was able to make the connection with my preexisting knowledge (Ormrod 2009)”. Encourage learning by discovery: research indicates that people retain information longer when they are given the opportunity to realize ideas and solutions from their own understanding.
What have you learned regarding the connection between learning theories, learning styles, educational technology, and motivation?
Learning theories focus on the instructional designer and how they choose to deliver instruction in the most effective method possible. Learning styles are focused on the learner and how they approach expanding their intellectual capacity. Educational technology is concerned with the how to deliver that instruction between an instructional designer and the learner. Motivation is the critical component, especially in an online environment, to connecting the instructional designer, the learner and education technology. The instructional designer’s function is to arouse the learner via education technology, learning styles, motivation and drives (Ormrod, 2009) are all key factors that determine the effectiveness of instruction. ). “Educators can manage learning environments to stimulate and sustain motivation, even though they cannot control it. Ultimately, each human being is responsible for his or her motivational condition, but it is abundantly clear that the environment can have a strong impact on both the direction and intensity of a person’s motivation”. (Keller, 1999)
How will your learning in this course help you as you further your career in the field of instructional design?
As an instructional designer this course will help me further career field as I pursues it due what I learn from the adult learning experience also what I have learn towards motivation educational technology and many different strategies towards education, I feel with have this new experiences or knowledge I have occurred will help me in my career field. “The Social Learning Theory sets this into a social context that exchanging information creates knowledge. Constructivism offers the modeling of all factors into new knowledge and Connectivism connects these dynamics as one needs them (Ormrod, 2009)”.”The ARCS model is a system for improving the motivational appeal of instructional materials, of instructor behavior, and of the way in which lessons (or modules) and courses are designed.” (Keller,). “The context of learning will move beyond replicating what is already known in order to create entirely new forms of interaction, expression, and activity, along with the metaphors needed to make them comprehensible (Horizon Report, 2011)”. This has been my way of using my existing knowledge, obtaining new information.


Fitting the Pieces Together

Now that you have a deeper understanding of the different learning theories and learning styles, how as your view on how you learn changed?
My learning view has changed dramatically because now am able to pull resources of skills from all of the theories and apply each to my learning needs. I can see everything is now connecting after learning about the various learning theories and learning styles over the past several weeks. I have a new appreciation of this knowledge with a deeper understanding about my learning style. I was not aware that I had different learning style and how the different learning strategies could help me to develop skills in ways that would not only be beneficial to my career. As Spence’s theory states in order to create learning associations, people have to gradually retain and build up their knowledge slowly through concept learning (Ormrod, Schunk & Gredler p. 105). I now have a deeper understanding on how, motivation strategies and enhancing technology tools. As Orrmrod stated before, but with deeper understanding I know now information processing helps instructional designers present information that not only stays with the WM, but also the LTM (Ormrod,Schunk & Gredler, p 52). As this course progressed, am really enjoin it which I never thought, I found it more as a refresher course for me. As an adult learner and educator in the digital age, my learning preference is the “Connectivism Learning Theory”. This learning theory is diverse in its network, its strength are tied to the context of occurrence and its various communities. Its delivery is balance among experiential learning with guided mentoring and collective reflection for all learners. According to Siemens and Downes 2005, “this theory expression through nonlinear association webs of representations. Co-design of learning experiences personalized to individual needs and preferences.” This theory too, I believe, is the way to learning for the next generation because of its technical suaveness and constant evolving for better understanding and users friendly.
What have you learned about the various learning theories and learning styles over the past weeks that can further explain your own personal learning preferences?
As I gather my information through numerous networking sites. I learn through connectivism and also through other people and then make my own interpretations from it. Social connections with other people are my primary sources to connecting with this world. Gilbert and Swanier explain learning styles are affected by a variety of factors, including one’s heredity, social environment, family life and environmental demands (2008). I have learned in many different ways throughout my life. If I had to learn to perform a specific task, then the behaviorist theory of learning probably was used. It is an attempt to develop specific learning theory for the adult learners. According to Knowles, adults are self-directed and expect to take responsibility for their decisions. That adults need to know why they need to learn something; adults need to learn experientially; adults approach learning as problem-solving .Constructivist Theory Learning Styles is learning that is actively processing learning in ways in which learners construct new ideas or learning patterns based upon their current or past knowledge. According to J. Burner “The learner selects and transforms information, constructs hypotheses, and makes decisions, relying on a cognitive structure to do so. Cognitive structure is, for example, schema and mental models, which provides meaning and organization to experiences and allows the individual to go beyond the information given.”
What role does technology play in your learning?
Technology has evolved over the last couple of decades. However, through these changes there has been an increase in learning capabilities. Technology is an ongoing process. When I think about how far we have come along, it is amazing. Technology has played a very important role in my learning. For example how I will search for information via the web, using different search engine. I use a computer and the Internet to access my courses, research, and learning connections. I perform research using Google and my school’s online library, use software such as Microsoft Word, Excel, and PowerPoint to store, draft, and present information and use a feed aggregator to keep up with the many professional blogs I follow. However I use a netbook or tablet to access my courses. Soon, I will be learning about even more technology to develop and design learning programs. The challenge with using all of this technology is that it is constantly changing. That requires me to keep up with the changes so that I can continue to use the technology effectively. However, the effort to stay current with technology is a worthwhile investment in my goal to become and continue to be an accomplished instructional designer.
Most learners “learn best when there is a variety of learning opportunities that give them their chance to learn in their own way,” which is why it is important to include options when possible (Grantham, 2005). Grantham (2005) discussed Kolb’s learning styles – observers, thinkers, deciders and doers. From the definitions Grantham provided, my personal learning style incorporates two of Kolb’s four styles – observer and doer. These may sound like conflicting styles, but the reality is that they occur at different times. As an observer, I like to be given an example of how something works and I question whether I need to know it. However, as a doer, I learn by discovering things by myself and learning from mistakes
Bandura, A. (1986). Social Foundations of Throught and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, p. 23 (#1).
Downes, S. (2005). An Introduction to Connective Knowledge. In T. Hug (Ed) (2007). Media, Knowledge and Education. Exploring New Spaces, Relations and Dynmics in Digital Media Ecologies
Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (n.d.). “Learning Styles and Strategies” [Video webcast]. Dr. Ormrod, J. Retrieved: 2013.
Gilbert, J., & Swanier, C. (2008). Learning styles: How do they fluctuate?Institute for Learning Styles Journal [Vol. l]. Retrieved from
Grantham, D. (2005). Understanding student learning styles and theories of learning. Higher Education Academy. Retrieved from
Knowles, M. (1968). Andragogy, not Pedagogy. Adult Leadership., 16(10), 350-352, 386.
Ormrod, J., Schunk, D., & Gredler, M. (2009). Learning Theories and Instruction (Laureate custom edition). New York: Pearson


How has your network changed the way you learn?
I would say network has not changed the way I learn. But rather it has change the way I access and acquire information using the internet. The ways I used to learn in the past has greatly been impacted by the ways that I am learning now. I appreciate the convenience of technology thanks to the digital age of the Internet and personal computers. I am now able to learn from various sources such as Google Bing blogs yahoo and YouTube. As at now I am engaging in new learning path skills not only applicable to me in the classroom but also in learning out of the classroom. Because now I have the ability to receive information, share, create and select the appropriate technologies for completing many school works. It is so clear that the majority of information resources are made available with technology thanks to the Internet. Now I can access the Internet from any of my devices and research information any time. As we get older our networks have become a huge impact on our learning. Even though we want to learn and experience everything “we can no longer personally experience everything there is to experience as we try to learn something new” (Davis, Edmunds, & Kelly-Bateman, 2008).
Which digital tools best facilitate learning for you?
Google yahoo YouTube Blogs and Bing are the digital tool I use for learning anything out there. As YouTube provides videos for inquisitive minds to watch and try on their own. I also enjoy blogs as they allow a platform for individuals to share their knowledge and thoughts with others and are interactive .I use Google, yahoo and Bing to do most research and access information from there too. All of these digital tools allow me to access information anytime and anywhere. I have access to using or incorporating the basic functions which involve other learners. When using these tools, collaboration becomes a vital function for enhancing my knowledge and experiences
How do you gain new knowledge when you have questions?
When I have questions, I use Google and other search engines on the internet in order to find answers. Sometimes I post questions in the classroom’s café, through the discussions area. The first thing I do is conduct research. Now that I have different ways in which to communicate, my favorite way to gain knowledge is via the blogs and sometime use Google.
In what ways does your personal learning network support or refute the central tenets of connectivism.
My personal learning networks have been very helpful in providing the kind of learning experience I want for me to complete my education in a flexible due to digital age of technology. The increased access that I have to the Internet through my mobile devices is proving to be the key to greater personalization of how I learn outside of school“Connectivism is driven by the understanding that decisions are based on rapidly altering foundations. New information is continually being acquired and the ability to draw distinctions between and important and unimportant information is vital.” (Davis, Edmunds, & Kelly-Bateman, 2008)

Davis, C., Edmunds, E., & Kelly-Bateman, V. (2008). Connectivism. In M. Orey (Ed.), Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology. Retrievedfrom in my network are reliable and dependable.




The brain and Learning, Information Processing Theory, and Problem-Solving Methods during the Learning Process
This week’s blog entry was to research websites or online journals that dealt with various topics including the brain and learning and Problem-Solving methods during the learning process.
How the Brain Learns Best –‎
This article was written by Dr. Bruce D. Perry in Scholastic magazine where he tails about how the brain learns. He discusses how the neural system work, making the reader aware of the different areas of the brain and how the neural system experiences fatigue quickly. Learners need some sort of entertainment in their lesson so that they can focus on what their studies. When one becomes bored the neural system is fatigued and learners will tend to lose focus on other stimuli within their environment. He understands how learners learn differently, and“ to facilitate teaching instruction to learners. (Perry, n.d.).
According to Ormrod, Schunk,& Gredler (2009),”the human brain is incredibly complex mechanism and research have a long way to go in understanding how it works and why it doesn’t always work as well as it should” (p.28). While I was doing my research, I found several websites and articles on various learning styles and how and why the brain works. This was very interesting information that will be valuable me as I continue with my course work in Instructional Design:
Article from March 2011 issue, Translating Facts into Knowledge & S. Umewaka.
Soraya Umewaka (2011) discusses why using” nonscientific research on how we learn, students can be vegetated to seek knowledge” (p.27). I found this article interesting and can be very useful in instructional design. Soraya Umewaka discusses the important for student to be engaged and involved in learning and by taking a proactive approach rather than a reactive approach. Also how students are active participators in the seeking of new knowledge and learning. This was very interesting while reading “the human brain is elastic and interconnected and so should the way that students examine their tasks” (Umewaka, 2011, p.27)

Ormrod, J., Schunk, D., & Gredler, M. (2009). Learning theories and instruction. (Laureate Custom edition).

Perry. (n.d.). How the brain learns best. Scholastic .Retrieved July 9, 2012.

Umekwaka, S. (2011). Translating Facts into Knowledge. Mind, Brain & Education, 5910, 27-28.

The Doorway to Professional Learning Communities

Research in Instructional Design Blogs
As I was search for resource for instructional design blogs I came up with some few findings which really taught me more about instructional design. The first findings talk about do you need an instructional design degree or not. I will say yes because having a solid foundation in learning theory and cognitive science enables the designer to adapt learning strategies to varied audiences and content. The most important is that the instructional designer is a self-didactic. That the designer is motivated to read cognitive psychology, instructional design and eLearning textbooks, trade books, journals and blogs. They take advantage of tutorials, podcasts and certification programs. They can learn something in a completely different field and transfer this knowledge to instructional design. As professionals in a learning field, we should be able to get the knowledge needed to fill in our gaps as well as to grow and expand.…/do-you-need-an-instructional-design-degree
The next finding was what does an instructional designer does. I was wondered where online classes came from. Online classes were created by e-learning professionals called instructional designers. They work with subject matter expert to help figure out the best way to help students learn. Instructional designers create avenues for feedback and change their design to respond to what they learn. They conduct informal research about students’ learning experiences, and are continually adjusting their work to best meet the needs of the learner. Instructional designer’s help people become better at what they do. One of the most important things that designers to is set up online spaces in which people may learn in a social setting. This may mean creating discussion boards, allocating chat rooms and many others.…

The third findings talk about author of this blog is Mark Berthelemy, the Managing Director of a learning and technology consulting firm in the United Kingdom. He specializes in many areas, such as learning technology, successful implementation of new IT systems, and being a liaison between the key stakeholders in the process. He is “passionate about putting the learner, the user at the centre of what we do” (Berthelemy, n.d.) His blog is generally about learning technology apparently with a focus on business. I think this blog may be useful for the knowledge I could gain about developing successful relationships with the various people and departments involved in eLearning projects to strengthen collaboration and minimize opposition.

Learning should be easy if know your style and understand

No matter where you have reach in education or were you’re reach in climbing the ladder to all instructional  designers should have  some formal training is not the same as whether they will.

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